Dog Scooting: What’s the Cause and How To Fix It?
It’s not unusual to see your dog scooting along the ground on their arse seemingly oblivious to the embarrassment that it causes us as owners. I know I used to get horrified when I saw my old girl Pippa doing this, especially if she left skid marks! Oh, the shame!
The question about why dogs scoot along on their bottom is often asked on forums and via an online vet consult with our team. We thought we’d give you a run-down of what the problem could be here and if you would like a personalised consult to discuss your dog’s scooting issues our vets are available 24 hours a day.
What Causes Dog Scooting?
There are quite a few potential reasons why your dog might scoot along the floor on their bottom. The main reason they do this is that they are either suffering from discomfort or they are itchy.
When we start to consider the reasons that may cause discomfort and itchiness then we can start to get quite a long list of reasons for scooting!
Anal Gland Problems
Tail Fold Problems
Listen to Dr Leigh Discuss Dog Scooting
Dog Scooting Caused by Anal Glands
One of the most common reasons for a dog rubbing their bottom along the ground is that they may have discomfort due to enlarged anal glands.
The anal glands are situated just inside the rectum between the internal and external sphincters at about 4pm and 8pm if you were to think of a clock face.
Dog anal glands are a scent gland that produces a foul, fishy smelling, oily secretion that is used to mark territory. When the dog poops, a small amount of this substance is squeezed out through a small slit-like opening due to the action of the faeces passing through the rectum.
When we see a dog sniff another dog’s bottom, it’s these scent glands that they are checking out!
A normal sized scent gland is about the size of a pea. However, if the opening of the gland becomes blocked, then these can fill up and become enlarged creating discomfort. Hence why you may see dogs scooting, licking/biting at their bottom or even madly chasing their tail.
The risk of a dog suffering from anal sac disease can be increased by a number of problems such as:
- Excessive production of gland fluid,
- Faeces that are too soft/diarrhoea,
- Poor muscle tone of the sphincters,
How Does Anal Sac Disease Occur?
Anal sac disease can occur in three stages and it’s up to you as the owner to recognise the subtle signs so that you can help your dog empty the sacs before they become a bigger, painful problem.
The three stages include
- anal sac impaction,
- anal sacculitis, and
- anal sac abscess.
When a dog has an anal gland impaction, the substance can become very thick and gooey if it isn’t able to be released. This is the time we start seeing the behavioural changes in our dogs and when it is best to have the anal glands expressed. We will explain how to do this later.
If you leave the glands and they aren’t expressed then they can become inflamed causing sacculitis. This is quite painful for your dog and they will likely be showing signs of constantly licking.
If the anal sacs are not expressed, then infection can occur that may result in an anal gland abscess. Sometimes these become so enlarged that they rupture.
When an anal gland abscess ruptures it can be very painful for your dog. You will often notice a mix of blood, pus and the fishy/oily secretion. The dog will continually lick at the area. If this happens to your dog, contact our online vets and we will guide you on how you can effectively treat this at home. In some circumstances, your dog may require surgery and antibiotic treatment to help clean up the infection.
Prevention of Anal Sac Disease
Some dogs are very prone to getting enlarged anal glands. The only sign you may notice is a whiff of fishy smell on your clothes or the seat next to you. For others, they start scooting and/or licking their bottom.
When you notice any of these signs it is wise to have the anal glands expressed, better still you can have the glands expressed regularly eg every 3 or 4 months.
You can express anal glands yourself or have your local vet clinic or groomer help you out.
There are essentially two methods to express glands. One expresses them internally, the other from the outside. Often it is easier to express them internally.
For both methods, you will need disposable gloves and a good amount of paper towels. For the internal method you will need some lubrication such as KY Jelly.
With gloved hands and holding paper towels to ‘catch’ the fluid place your fingers at 4 pm and 8 pm either side of the anus.
Gently apply pressure.
Hopefully, you will see the brown liquid, oily, smelly scent gland fluid.
If not, you may have to try the Internal Method.
Again, wearing gloves and holding the paper towels insert your lubricated index finger of your dominant hand into the rectum.
Feel for a pea-sized structure to the left and right at around the 4 pm and 8 pm positions.
Once located, apply firm constant pressure by squeezing your index finger (inside the rectum) against your thumb (on the outside of the rectum). Don’t release the pressure until you feel the gland release.
Be warned, some dogs feel very worried about this (it shouldn’t hurt if there is no infection) and may try to bite. It is definitely a two person job. If you are struggling, leave it to the experts and take your pooch to the vet.
Dog Scooting Caused by Skin Fold Problems
If a dog is obese, has excessive loose skin around their tail or vulva or has deep folds due to a corkscrew tail then they are prone to skin fold problems that may cause infections that are so itchy that the dog wants to scoot along the ground to relieve the itch.
Breeds that are prone to tail fold problems include any of the brachycephalic breeds such as English bulldogs, French bulldogs and pugs, Shar-peis and Bloodhounds.
These deep skin folds attract moisture and heat so are the perfect breeding ground for bacterial infection. Remember that dog skin is always colonised by bacteria so any disruption to the surface can make infection possible.
We call infections in this area skin fold dermatitis and it’s very important that if you own one of these breeds that you make cleaning these folds a part of your daily routine. In severe cases, vets may suggest that your dog has excessive folds removed to help prevent these infections.
Read more about “hotspots in dogs” or watch the video below starts at 5min mark:
Dog Scooting Caused by Parasites
Dog Scooting Caused by Faeces
It’s not uncommon to see a dog scoot when they have poop stuck to the hair around their bottom, or even if they are unable to completely expel the faeces.
This can sometimes occur when the dog has been eating a lot of hair or grass, or they just have too much hair around their bottom.
A quick and easy way to prevent your pet scooting when hair is the cause is to trim the area around the anus nice and short.
To assist with bulkier faeces that won’t be so sticky it is important to ensure the dog has enough fibre in the diet.
Quality kibbles provide adequate fibre eg Hills Science Diet, Royal Canin, Proplan, Eukanuba. While the lesser quality brands often result in dogs having loose faeces.
If you are concerned about the fibre content of your dog’s diet you can always supplement with vegetables such as carrot, broccoli, pumpkin. Adding psyllium husk to their food can also assist (1 Tablespoon 3 times a week).
Skin Allergies can Lead to Scooting
One of the most common causes of scooting is that your dog has allergies. Dogs who are itchy all over love to scratch and rub their bottoms along the ground.
There are different types of allergies including:
- environmental allergy
- food allergy
- parasitic allergy (flea allergy dermatitis)
Many of the problems discussed above such as anal gland disease can be directly contributed to an allergy that your dog has.
For this reason, it is very important that if you are struggling to manage your dog’s scooting at home, then it is always best to consult with a veterinarian so that the REAL reason can be determined and treatment/prevention started.
Do you own a dog that scoots? Tell us more about the reason why your dog scoots and what you did that helped.